TWINSPAN classification of vegetation from South East aspect of Lower Tanawal, Pakistan


A. Bibi* and Z. Jamal

The aim of present research study was to explore the vegetation of Lower Tanawal, Pakistan from South East aspect. The ordination techniques Two-way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN), Detrended Correspondence Analysis and Canonical Correspondence Analysis were used to classify the data. TWINSPAN classified the 157 species and 14 stands into four plant communities namely Pinus-Polygala-Chenopoddium, Pinus-Berberis-Daphne, Acacia-Olea-Dodonaea and Punica-Pyrus-Rubus community. The present study will provide the baseline information about the South East aspect of vegetation of Lower Tanawal, Pakistan.

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