Using of Taraxacum officinale (L.) pollens for the urban park bioindication
M. Mazura, N. Miroshnyk, I.Teslenko, T. Grabovska, O. Rozputnii, T. Mazur, Z. Polishchuk, O. Oleshko
Palinoindication of 6 parks of the urban ecosystem of Kiev using Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber ex F.H. Wigg. population, was carried out. There is a general trend towards an increase in the amount of nonviable pollen with an increase in anthropogenic load. In the example of T. officinale, this is manifested in a gradual increase to 27% of non-viable pollen on the pollution gradient. With the deterioration of the ecological situation in the studied test polygons, an increase in the number of teratomorphic pollen grains up to 41.10% in Babin Yar tract was recorded. According to the level of palynotoxic action (PE, %), only 2 gradations were revealed in the parks under study: initial and effective. The sublethal effect (highly toxic) has not been established, since the level of pollen sterility in our studies did not exceed 45,2%. The largest number of pollen grains with developmental pathologies (teratomorphic) – 41.10% – was recorded in the Babin Yar tract, the state of which, according to the anthropogenic load index (Jal), is characterized as poor. At the same time, the percentage of teratomorphic pollen grains in T. officinale plants in more favorable environmental conditions (control) does not exceed 16.50%. For the bioindication assessment of the park ecosystems state in the megalopolis, the most indicative were the index of sterility, palynotoxic effect and the content of teratomorphic pollen grains, which increases with the gradient of anthropogenic load.
Keywords: Anthropogenic load; Pollen sterility; Fertility; Palynotoxic effect; Teratomorphic pollen; Urbanization
Azzazy, M. (2016) Environmental impacts of industrial pollution on pollen morphology of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (Myrtaceae). App. Biol. Biotech. 4, 57–62.
Balichieva, D.V., Ibragimova, E.E., Emirova, D.V. Patent 32513 Ukraine on a utility model (2006) The method of determining the palytotoxicity of man-made chemical pollutants. Published 26.05.2008.
Chipilyak T.F. (2014) Autecological features of species of the genus Hemerocallis L. in the conditions of Kryvyi Rih. Bulletin of Lviv University. The series is biological. 65, 202–209.
Cuinica, L.G., Abreu I., Esteves da Silva, J. (2014) Effect of air pollutant NO2 on Betula pendula, Ostrya carpinifolia and Carpinus betulus pollen fertility and human allergenicity. Env Pollut. 186, 50–55.
Dzyuba, O.F. (2006) Palinoindication of environmental quality (Saint Petersburg: Nedra). 197 ??.
Grigoruk, I.D., Optasyuk, A.N. (2018) Analysis of sterility of pollen of woody plants in the conditions of the city of Kamyanets-Podilsky. Biological systems. 10(2), 145–150.
Grishko, V.N., Komarova, I.A. (2016) Bioindication of atmospheric pollution by the reaction of pollen grains of Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg (on the example of Kryvyi Rih). Scientific Journal «ScienceRise». 5/1 (22), 15–19. DOI: 10.15587/2313-8416.2016.69276.
Hannanova, O.R., Arkanova, A.A. (2017) Bioindication assessment of atmospheric air condition of Poltava city park. Biology and ecology. 3(1–2), 69–75.
Ibragimova, E.E. (2015) Palynomorphological and palinotoxic assessment of aerotechnogenic pollution in urban ecosystems. Samara Scientific Bulletin. 2(11), 83–86.
Kaigorodov, R.V., Novoselova, L.V., Mozherina, E.V. (2010) Contamination of Perm roadside lawns with heavy metals, their distribution in vegetative and generative organs and influence on fertility and linear sizes of Taraxacum officinale pollen grains. Bulletin of Perm University Biology. 3, 30–35.
Komarova, I.A. (2019) Ecological and biological specialties of Taraxacum officinale Wigg for making important metals in the minds of industrial Krivorizhzh (Abstract dissertation biol. scien. Dnipro). 27 ??. http://www.dnu.dp.ua/docs/ndc/dissertations/D08.051.04/autoreferat_5d7f6d05dba85.pdf
Lakin, G.F. (1990) Biometrics (Moscow: High school). 352 ??. https://www.studmed.ru/view/lakin-gf-biometriya_beb2cf33165.html
Leghari, S.K., Saeed, S., Asrar, M., Ahmed, A., Tariq, I., Marri, A.A., Sadiq, N., Baloch, A., Latif, A., Shawani, N.A. (2018) Response of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) pollen grains to vehicular exhaust pollution at Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. Applied ecology and environmental research. 16(4), 4387–99. http://www.aloki.hu. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1604_43874399.
Matyashuk, R.K., Mazura, M.Yu., Tkachenko, I.V. (2014) The state of canna pollen in urban areas. Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University. 3(33), 43–51.
Miroshnyk, N.V., Teslenko, I.K. (2018) Ecological zoning of territories taking into account the role of preserved natural ecosystems (on the example of Kyiv). Samara Luka: problems of regional and global ecology. 27/4(2), 32–40. DOI: 10.24411/2073-1035-2018-10133.
Morozova, T.V., Khrutba, V.O., Kobzista, O.P. (2019) Screening of palynomorphological and palynotoxic effect of motor vehicle emissions. Bulletin of the National Transport University. "Technical Sciences" series. 1(43), 116–126.
Pausheva, Z.P. (1980) Workshop on plant cytology (Moscow: Kolos). 271 ??. http://booksshare.net/index.php?id1=4&category=biol&author=pausheva-zp&book=1988
Soldatova, V.Y., Samsonova, A.P. (2019) Influence of urban environment on variability of pollen grains of hanging birch (Betula pendula Roth) (on the example of Yakutsk). Samara Scientific Bulletin. 8/3(28), 80–84. DOI 10.24411/2309-4370-2019-13113.
The main indicators of environmental protection of Kyiv. Statistical collection 2017. (Kyiv Main Department of Statistics in Kyiv; for order. O.I. Nastoyashcheho). 75 ??.