Weather and climate effects on structures


M.Y. Kalashtary

Iranians have long been familiar with the climate impact on the building. They took advantage of the climate in the construction of urban buildings and structures to reduce the effects of ill-treatment. They also designed and implemented the benefits of a particular architectural climate. For example, the use of dome roofs, or masonry and mud walls or elevation from the ground and. These are obvious indications of the climate's impact on architecture, which has made itself in structural compounds of ceilings and walls and building foundations. Currently, due to the population growth of the country and the need for housing, the need to design and construct a building to accommodate compatriots is required. Most of the country's economy is related to civil engineering activities. Therefore, increasing the useful life of the building will not only help the national economy but also respond to the need for housing in the community. In order to increase the useful life of the building, attention should be paid to the twenty laws and regulations of the national building regulations and the earthquake regulations. It is also important to pay attention to proper construction of the skeleton and to maintain it properly. Currently, in our country, architectural design is based on the climate well known to engineer architects. The need to pay attention to the climate in the design, construction, and execution of the skeleton of buildings has remained largely obsolete. It has not been adequately addressed. In this paper, we have tried to address the climate impacts on the choice of the type of structure, including the metal and concrete structure, and the choice of the type of pipe, as well as the connections and modifications to be made in the design of the structure. It also offers suggestions for extending shelf life.

Keywords: Climate; concrete structures; steel structures; concrete; corrosion

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