Wind speed in easily assembled premises with different design constructions for side curtains in winter


O.O. Borshch, O.V. Borshch, O.I. Sobolev, V.M. Nadtochii, M.V. Slusar, B.V. Gutyj, S.A. Polishchuk, V.V. Malina, A.P. Korol, L.P. Korol-Bezpala, I.F. Bezpalyi, O.O. Cherniavskyi

This work aimed to identify the influence of the environment wind speed over similar indicators in easy-to-assemble premises of different configurations and insulation systems in the winter period. Air movement speed in the livestock room is also essential and affects animal and human bodies. At low temperatures in winter, a significant speed of air movement causes hypothermia in animals. High indoor wind speed can indicate the mistakes which had been made when choosing a farm location. The research was conducted in the central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine (Kyiv region) in three farms with free-stall housing of cows: option I – keeping in an easy-to-assemble room; option II – In an easy-to-assemble room with curtain insulation; option III – In an easy-to-assemble room on a deep straw litter within the period from December 1, 2019, to February 29, 2020. It has been established that the territory of the central part of Ukraine during the winter period of the year is characterized by the dominance of winds of the southern (South), south-eastern (South-East), and south-western (South-West) directions, which amount is more than 50% of average wind rose. The cold winds from the north and east constitute 31%. The average wind speed in winter is 9.8 m/s. The results of the research have shown that the use of insulation systems for side curtains can extend for 13 days the permissible norms of wind speed indoors and protect more effectively from the environment during all categories of wind speed, as well as reduce wind speed indoors by 11.68–21.74% compared to an easy-to-assemble box and deep litter.

Keywords: dairy cows, cold weather, wind speed, easy-to-assemble premises



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