Influence of growing technology on Moreland F1 sweetcorn grain hybrid quality
Ya.Ya. Hryhoriv, I.M. Masyk, S.I. Berdin, L.V. Kriuchko, O.I. Pshychenko, V.V. Moisiienko, S.V. Stotska, V.Z. Panchyshyn, V.I. Filon
The article presents the results of research concerning the study of influence of cultivation technology elements on the formation of grain quality indices of sweetcorn hybrid Moreland F1 on sod-podzolic soils under conditions of Precarpathians of Ukraine. The studies have shown that sweetcorn quality indices for hybrid Moreland F1varied unequally with different agronomic complex of crop growing. Thus, pericarp thickness of the grain did not depend on the studied elements of agricultural technology and ranged from 0.174 to 0.206 mm. The weight of 1000 grains of the crop significantly depended on all elements of cultivation technology, and was the highest on the background of nutrition N135P90K125 + N60 + N30 and plant density 60 thousand/ha - 181.51 g. The maximum content of sugar and dry matter was also for above mentioned agronomic complex, and composed 4.25 and 33.52%, respectively.
Thus, it was found that the highest dry matter content provides a variant with application of mineral fertilizers at a dose of N135P90K125 + N60 + N30, which forms from 31.25 to 33.52% depending on thickening of plants.
Keywords: sweetcorn, mineral fertilizers, weight of 1000 grains, sugar content, dry matter
Bondarenko H L., Yakovenko K.I. (2001). Methodology of experimental business in vegetable growing and melons. Kharkiv: Osnova, 366 p.
Cherchel V.Yu. (2007). Corn. Prospects for selection and development seed production. Nasinnytstvo, 7, 9-10.
Corn: Vegetable crops production guide for the Atlantic provinces / [prepared by the advisory committee on vegetable crops], 8 p.
Danylova Yu.V. (2013). Formation of yield and quality of sugar products corn, depending on the predecessors, tillage methods and timing sowing. Biuleten Instytutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoi zony NAAN Ukrainy, 5, 73-76.
Horodnii M.M. (2008). Agrochemistry: a textbook. Kyiv: TOV Aristei.
Hryhoriv, Ya.Ya., Butenko, A.O., Davydenko, G.A., Radchenko, M.V., Tykhonova, O.M., Kriuchko, L.V., Hlupak, Z.I. (2020). Productivity of sugar maize of hybrid Moreland F1 depending on technological factors of growing. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2), 268-272. doi: 10.15421/2020_95
Karpenko O.Yu., Rozhko V.M., Butenko A.O., Masyk I.M., Malynka L.V., Didur I.M., Vereshchahin I.V., Chyrva A.S. and Berdin S.I. (2019). Post-harvest siderates impact on the weed littering of maize, 9(3), 300-303. doi: 10.15421 / 2019_745
Kazakova N.I. (2015). The yield of sweet corn hybrids in raw material conveyor in the Northern Forest-steppe of the Trans-Urals. APK Rossii. 72/1, 83-86.
Kharchenko O., Zakharchenko E., Kovalenko I., Prasol V., Pshychenko O., Mishchenko Y. (2019). On problem of establishing the intensity level of crop variety and its yield value subject to the environmental conditions and constraints. AgroLife Scientific Journal, 8(1), 113-119.
Klimova O.Ye., Tymchuk S.M. (2012). The sugar content in the grain of sweet corn during hybridization of sources of various endosperm mutations. Selektsiia i nasinnytstvo, 101, 207-213.
Kolisnyk O.M., Kolisnyk O.O., Vatamaniuk O.V., Butenko A.O., Onychko V.I., Onychko T.O., Dubovyk V.I., Radchenko M.V., Ihnatieva O.L., Cherkasova T.A. (2020). Analysis of strategies for combining productivity with disease and pest resistance in the genotype of base breeding lines of corn in the system of diallele crosses. Modern Phytomorphology 14, 49-55. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.190107
Kyryk N., Pikovskyi M. (2011). Brown spot or helminthosporiosis corn. Ovoshhevodstvo, 5, 54-56.
Lytvynov S.S. (2011). Methods of field experience in vegetable growing. Moskva: RASHN VNIIO.
Markov I. (2011). Sugar and pop root stem and root rot corn. Ovoshhevodstvo, 6, 50-55.
Oktem A., Oktem A.G., Emeklier H.Y. (2010). Effect of Nitrogen on Yield and Some Quality Parameters of Sweet Corn. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 41(7), 832-847.
Radchenko M.V., Butenko A.O., Glupak Z.I. (2018). Effect of fertilizer system and efficiency of growth regulator on buckwheat productivity in the conditions of the northeastern forest-steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 89-94. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018_314.
Scherner A., Melander B., Kudsk P. (2016). Vertical distribution and composition of weed seeds within the plough layer after eleven years of contrasting crop rotation and tillage schemes. Soil and Tillage Research. Elsevier BV. 3, 161:135. doi.10.1016/j.still.2016.04.005
Shiferaw B., Prasanna B., Hellin J., Bänziger M. (2011). Crops that feed the world 6. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by maize in global food security. Food Secur. 3, 307-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.10.015
Slovtsov R.I., Borysova T.H., Holeneva L.M. (2008). Principles, methods and integrated plant protection technologies. Moskva: Izdatel`stvo RGAUMSKhA imeni K. A. Timiryazeva, 248 ?.
Sokolovska I.M., Demianova H.V. (2011). Yield and quality of the main and additional products of food subspecies of corn. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii, 1, 59-62.
Tsykov V.S., Konoplia N.Y., Masliiev S.V. (2013). Corn for food and medicinal purposes: production, use. Lugansk: Shiko, OOO Virtualnaya realnost.
Vihrachov V.M., Berdin, S.I. (2010). Use of modeling to optimize the density of corn stalks for silage using natural soil fertility. Visnik Sumskogo NAU, seriya Agronomiya i biologiya, 4(19), 67-71.