Modern breeding and cultivation of unpopular fruits and berries in Ukraine


T. Z. Moskalets, V. V. Moskalets, A. H. Vovkohon, O. A. Shevchuk, O. A. Matviichuk

We analyzed the main tendencies of cultivation of fruit and berries, which are unpopular cultures in Ukraine for the development of national selection and industrial horticulture. Improvement of population diet could form a conjuncture food market fruit with high content of biologically active substances and raw materials for processing and food industries. We believed thay the leading role in this can play industrial cultivation of valuable fruit and berry crops, the success of which is only possible for bringing together the efforts of selectionists, manufacturers, processors and processors. We presented that the area under industrial plantings of such unpopular fruit and berry crops could meet internal needs of population in fresh fruit, while the processing is insufficient. This is mainly due to lack of information about consumer value of fruit crops and unsufficient availability of all the necessary components regards the cultivation of these crops (Blueberry, Cranberry, Actinidia etc.), as well as lack of sufficient number of certified varieties of planting material, even in the State Register, and also low level of national fruit-processing industry.
We concluded that considering the cultivation of crops with high content of biologically active substances to industrial scale and consumption of these fruits in sufficient quantity in fresh and processed form will definitely contribute to the improvement of the health of the population. This will also cause the development of the national market of fruit and berry products and increase the export of berries to the EU.
Keywords: Unpopular culture fruit and berry plants; Breeding; Growing technology; Biological value
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