The formation of current internal exposure doses of the Ukrainian Polissia rural population


V. Landin, H . Chobotko, L. Raichuk, I. Shvydenko, M. Umanskyi, O. Kichigina, O. Teteruk

This work aimed to identify the specifics and trends of the development of the internal exposure dose (137Cs) of the rural population in Ukrainian Polissia. WBC-measurements were carried out in 2005-2013. Settlements of the Vyshgorod district of Kyiv region and Naroditsky district of the Zhytomyr region were selected for the research. Experimental data were processed using OriginPro 9 and Microsoft Excel 2016. The assumption about several distribution laws for each of the studied data sets was made based on the results of the descriptive statistics of mathematical data samples. The approximation of experimental data revealed an exponential distribution for one sample and attributes of both lognormal and normal distributions for the second one. The problem of exceeding the permissible level of internal exposure doses is relevant mainly for the rural population of Ukrainian Polissia. The novelty of the research is the valuation of objective laws of the formation of current internal exposure doses (by 137Cs) of the Ukrainian Polissia rural population. It was established that in the remote period after the Chornobyl accident an exponential distribution of internal exposure doses of the population is observed in rural settlements of Ukrainian Polissia. This indicates changes in the patterns of the formation of the radiation burden on local residents, which can be explained by the socio-demographic, environmental, and economic factors inherent with each settlement. Due to the nonuniform influence of these factors, the differentiation of settlements on the habitudes of the formation of internal exposure doses of the population takes place. The influence of various factors on the dose formation requires further in-depth study not only within the settlements but even also individual families.

Keywords: rural population, Ukrainian Polissia; internal exposure dose; 137Cs; factors



Bojko, O. V., Darmohray, L. M., Luchyn, I. S., Honchar, O. F., & Gutyj, B. V. (2020). Specific activity of Sr-90 and Cs-137 in rabbits of various genotypes. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2), 165-169. doi: 10.15421/2020_80

Chobotko, G., Landin, V., Raychuk, L., Shvydenko, I., & Umansky, M. (2015). Assessment of formation of the dose of internal exposure of population at the remote stage of overcoming of aftereffects of Chernobyl disaster. Agrovisnyk, 7, 54–8.

Furdychko, O., Landin, V., & Raychuk, L. (2017). On the issue of environmental and economic consequences of the Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants and experience of them overcoming. Kobe Gakuin Economic Papers, 49 (1-2), 57–72.

Jacob, P., Fesenko, S., Firsakova, S., Likhtarev, I., Schotola, C., Alexakhin, R., Zhuchenko, Y., Kovgan, L., Sanzharova, N., & Ageyets, V. (2001). Remediation strategies for rural territories contaminated by the Chernobyl accident. J. of Environ. Radioactiv., 56(1-2), 51–76. doi: 10.1016/S0265-931X(01)00047-9.

Jelin, B. A., Sun, W., Kravets, A., Naboka, M., Stepanova, Eu. I., Vdovenko, V. Y., Karmaus, W. J., Lichosherstov, A., & Svendsen, E. R. (2016). Quantifying annual internal effective 137Cesium dose utilizing direct body-burden measurement and ecological dose modeling. J. of Expo. Sci. and Environ. Epidemiol., 26(6), 546–53. doi: 10.1038/jes.2015.6.

Jung-Seok, C., Tae-Hoon, K., Hyeong, J. K., & Ju-Yong, Y. (2016). Estimation of annual effective dose from ingestion of 40K and 137Cs in foods frequently consumed in Korea. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 310(3), 1069–75. doi: 10.1007/s10967-016-4891-5.

Kachur, D. P., Zamostian, P. V., Pankovska, H. P., Raychuk, L. A., Kuchma, M. D., & Sviatetska, A. V. (2010). Socio-ecological factors of consumer behavior of the population in radioactively contaminated Polissia territories. Agroecological journal, Special issue, 106–110.

Labunska, ??., Kashparov, V., Levchuk, S., Santillo, D., Johnston, P., Polishchuk, S., Lazarev, N., & Khomutinin, Y. (2018). Current radiological situation in areas of Ukraine contaminated by the Chernobyl accident: Part 1. Human dietary exposure to Caesium-137 and possible mitigation measures. Environment International, 117, 250–59. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.053.

Likhtarev, I. A., Kovgan, L. N., Vavilov, S. E., Perevoznikov, O. N., Litvinets, L. N., Anspaugh, L. R., Jacob, P., & Pröhl, G. (2000). Internal exposure from the ingestion of foods contaminated by 137Cs after the Chernobyl accident – report 2. Ingestion doses of the rural population of Ukraine up to 12 years after the accident (1986–1997). Health Physics, 79(4), 341–57. doi: 10.1097/00004032-200010000-00002.

Likhtarov, I. A., Kovgan, L. M., Masiuk, S. V., Ivanova, O. M., Chepurny, M. I., Boyko, Z. N., & Gerasymenko, V. B. (2015). Basic principles and practices of integrated dosimetric passportization of the settlements in Ukraine. Problems of Radiation Medicine and Radiobiology, 20, 75–103.

Omelianets, M. I., & Khomenko, I. M. (2013). Evaluation of influence of radiological protection measures on internal exposure levels in the population of radioactively contaminated territories of Ukraine. Hyg. of Sett., 61, 237–43.

Raychuk, L. (2014). The elements of the technique for evaluating the population internal exposure doses formation to the remote stage of consequences of the Chernobyl NPP accident overcoming. Sci. Bull. of UNFU, 24 (07), 150–156.

Recommendations on measurement with whole-body counters during the dosimetric pasportization of residential areas of Ukraine (1996). Kyiv, SCRMAMS of Ukraine.

Repin, V. S., Bondarenko, O. A., Novak, N. Yu., Tsygankov, N. I., & Aryasov, B. B. (1998). Possibility of monitoring internal exposure doses in the heavily contaminated Zone at the late stage of the Chernobyl accident. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry, 79 (1-4), 183–186.

Skryabin, A., & Hille, R. (1998). Evaluation of the population dose in relation to social and geographical factors after the Chernobyl accident. Julich, Forschungszentrum.

Thirty years after the Chernobyl catastrophe: radiological and health effects: National report of Ukraine. (2016). Kyiv, SI National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences.

Vlasova, N. G. (2014). Doses assessment of the population in the long-term period after the Chernobyl accident. Radiation Hygiene, 7(3), 9–18.

Share this article