Theoretical aspects of the concept of "quality of life" in the context of environmental safety
V. Chemerys, H. Kaplenko, I. Kulish, V. Maksym, O. Dadak, L. Kushnir, O. Hrymak
There is no clear "life quality" concept in world legislation. The interdisciplinary nature of the term "life quality" is revealed, which stimulates scientists' research from different science branches. The history of the origin of the term and its transition from medicine to other areas is shown. It was held an overview of the main approaches to understanding the quality of life and indicators used in a broad and narrow sense. The differences in the perception of this among scientists and ordinary people are emphasized. Scientists are looking at the problem more broadly, given the projected impact of human activity on all environmental elements (water, air, land, biodiversity, human health, life expectancy). The population begins to associate the indicator of "health" with the environment, for the most part, only after having health problems and life-threatening. It is shown that the current legislation of Ukraine notes the direct dependence of the health of the Ukrainian people on the environmental security of the state, and the state assumes responsibilities for its provision. The author's scheme of factors of ecological influence on the quality of life of people is offered. The threat posed to human health because of goods and services of "demonstrative consumption" and its promotion by the media has been revealed. Proven the need for explanatory work among the population to understand the relationship between the state of the environment and human life quality, particularly health, life expectancy, reproductive capacity, has been proved. The importance of strengthening state and public control over the use of environmental resources was noted. Emphasis is placed on the need for further research to identify indicators that show the individual perception of the Ukraine population of environmental safety as a component of quality of life and their assessment of areas to improve environmental safety (ways, methods, and tasks). This study should be conducted, considering the indicators used in other countries and international scientific organizations.
Keywords: environment, quality of life, health, Ukraine
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